The State of Amazon is known internationally by its tropical forest. Tourists of all the places of the world disembark in the airport of Manaus, armed of ' ' artillery pesada' ' , to catch sounds and images of the celebrity ' ' Rain Forest' '. What the great majority does not know e, probably, goes to return to its native country without knowing, is that this region already was palco of an exploration scene, as much on the part of the Brazilian governments, how much for the Portuguese, whom they aimed at to the extration of its wealth. In the Captainship of They are Jose of the Black River (current Manaus) the wealth propitiated for its inhabitants a quality of life pautada for the European influence, while the interior went being town for enslaved aboriginals, who assured the ownership of lands to the Portuguese crown. After the discovery for Goodyer of the vulcanized rubber, the latex of the native seringueiras started to be raw material for the confection of this product of wide exportation, giving beginning, for return of 1839, to the celebrity ' ' Empire of Borracha' '. This period of apogee of the economy of Amazon is called of First Cycle and was determinative for the povoamento of the interior of Amazon, whose more important characteristic is the locomotion difficulty, has seen the enormous distances and the basically fluvial transport. Migrantes poor mainly of the State of the Cear, longed for to reach the wealth by means of the rubber, however, they were subordinated to the calls ' ' masters of seringais' ' (Aurlio Dictionary, 1998: head of the seringal, its owner and responsible), that they withheld the power and they were descending of the old Spanish colonizadores, English, dutch and Portuguese. When Brazil lost the leadership of exportation of the rubber, at the beginning of century XX, ' ' Imprio' ' he entered in decline and the masters inject had abandoned them.